Type 2 diabetes

0

THERE ARE estimated to be millions of people with undiagnosed diabetes, are you one of them?

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.

There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced.

The pancreas (a large gland behind the stomach) produces the hormone insulin, which moves glucose from your blood into your cells where it is converted into energy.

Symptoms

The main symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are very similar

The high blood sugar levels makes you:
• Feel thirsty
• Pass urine more often particularly at night
• Feel tired all the time
• Have unexplained weight loss
• Have cuts or wounds that heal slowly
• Have Itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent bouts of thrush
• Have blurred vision which is caused by the lens becoming dry

The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes are often mild and develop over a number of years and are therefore not as obvious. It is often diagnosed during a routine check-up.

Untreated diabetes can damage your organs, so it’s important that it is diagnosed as early as possible.

Risk factors

Four of the main risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are:

• Age – being over 40. This may be because people tend to weigh more and exercise less as they get older.
• Genetics – having a close relative with the condition (parent, brother or sister)
• Weight – being overweight or obese. In particular, fat around the abdomen increases your risk. This is because it releases chemicals that can upset the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
• Ethnicity – being of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin (even if born in europe)

Other risks

Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also increased if your blood glucose level is higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes.

This is sometimes called “pre-diabetes” or impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).

If you are concerned that you might be at risk a simple blood test can check your blood sugar and relieve your mind.

LEAVE A COMMENT

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

We welcome comments from readers on our website and across our social networks. We invite you to discuss issues and share your views and we encourage robust debate and criticism provided it is civil.

However we reserve the right to reject or edit comments that:

• Contain offensive language
• Include personal attacks of any kind
• Are likely to offend or target any ethnic, racial, nationality or religious group
• Are homophobic, transphobic, sexist, offensive or obscene
• Contain spam or include links to other sites
• Are clearly off topic
• Impersonate an individual or organisation, are fraudulent, defamatory of any person, threatening or invasive of another’s privacy or otherwise illegal
• Are trolling or threatening
• Promote, advertise or solicit the sale of any goods or services

You grant us a non-exclusive, royalty-free, perpetual, worldwide licence to republish any material you submit to us, without limitation, in any format.