On November 6 and 7, 1917 (or October 24 and 25 on the Julian calendar, which is why the event is often referred to as the October Revolution), leftist revolutionary’s members of the Bolshevik Party Led by Leon Trotsky a Marxist revolutionary, theorist, and Soviet politician. Initially supporting the Menshevik Internationalists faction within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party, he joined the Bolsheviks (“majority”) just before the 1917 October Revolution, immediately becoming a leader within the Communist Party. He would go on to become one of the seven members of the first Politburo, founded in 1917 to manage the Bolshevik Revolution. During the early days of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and the Soviet Union, he served first as People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs and later as the founder and commander of the Red Army, with the title of People’s Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs along Vladimir Lenin launched a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the Duma’s provisional government.
The provisional government had been assembled by a group of leaders from Russia’s bourgeois capitalist class. Lenin instead called for a Soviet government that would be ruled directly by councils of soldiers, peasants and workers.
The Bolsheviks (The derived English use of the word is Bolshie self-explanatory) and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head. Lenin became the dictator of the world’s first communist state.
When the Civil War broke out in Russia in late 1917 after the Bolshevik Revolution. The warring factions were the Red and White Armies. My Fathers Grandparents whose family name was Mendelovitch were White Russians, born in the mid -1800s in Moscow
The Red Army fought for the Lenin’s Bolshevik government. The White Army represented a large group of loosely allied forces, including monarchists, capitalists and supporters of democratic socialism.
The Russian Civil War ended in 1923 with Lenin’s Red Army claiming victory and establishing the Soviet Union. Bolsheviks, led by leftist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, seized power and destroyed the tradition of Czarist rule. The Bolsheviks would later become the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century. The violent revolution had marked the end of the Romanov dynasty and centuries of Russian Imperial rule.
After leading a failed struggle of the left opposition against the policies and the rise of a new dictator Joseph Stalin in the 1920s, and against the increasing role of the bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky was removed from power in October 1927, and expelled from the Communist Party the next month. And then exiled from Russia in February 1929. As the head of the Fourth International brigade, Trotsky continued to oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union from exile. On 20 August 1940, Trotsky was assassinated by Ramón Mercader, a Spanish-born NKVD agent, passing away the next day in a hospital.
Mercader, who attacked Trotsky with an Ice axe, acted upon instruction from Stalin and was nearly beaten to death by Trotsky’s bodyguards, with Mercader spending 20 years in a Mexican prison for murdering Trotsky. Stalin presented Mercader with an Order of Lenin.
The last remaining Communist countries are still Russia, and China, but in both cases the Redness of their flags have faded to a much paler colour, as the Russian and Chinese workers know the colour of their money in the bank, is more important to them than the colour of their flags. Cuba the first new Communist country since the Russian revolution, is now beginning to slowly become a democracy.
P.S. My Fathers Parents where white Russians, the family name was Mendelovitch, this was changed just before I was born, on my mother side was my Grandmother who brought me up from a baby, she was a white Russian also, and called me a Bolshevik (Bolshie) when I was a bad.